Madhyamik Geography Question paper 2019



(New Syllabus)

Time – Three Hours Fifteen Minutes

(First fifteen minutes for reading the question paper only)

Full Marks – 90

(For Regular and Sightless Regular Candidates)

Full Marks – 100

(For External and sightless External Candidates)

Special credits will be given for answers which are brief and to the point.

Marks will be deducted for spelling mistakes, untidiness and bad handwriting.

[Groups A to F are common for both Regular and External Candidates and Group G is meant only for External Candidates]

(All questions of Group – A are compulsory. Candidate should follow the alternatives in other groups. Sightless candidates will answer the alternative questions as per directive in Group – F. Other will attempt map pointing.)

Group – A

1. Write the correct answer from the given alternatives : [1 x 14 = 14]

1.1  The process by which of the earth surface increases is :

(a) Aggradation

(b) degradation

(c) weathering

(d) Denudation

1.2  Deep cracks on the surface of the mountain glacier are called :

(a) Nunatak

(b) Crevasse

(c) Arete

(d) Cirque

1.3  Annual range of temperature remains minimum in :

(a) Equatorial climatic region

(b) Monsoon climatic region

(c) Mediterranean climatic region

(d) Steppe climatic region

1.4  Cold local wind that blows in the Rhone valley of France is called :

(a) Chinook

(b) Sirocco

(c) Mistral

(d) Bora

1.5  The place, where warm and cold ocean currents converge, is called :

(a) Cold wall

(b) Iceberg

(c) Avalanches

(d) Sargassum

1.6  When the distance between the earth and the moon is farthest, it is called :

(a) Syzygy

(b) Perigee

(c) Apogee

(d) Aphelion

1.7  In human body contaminated water, may cause :

(a) Diarrhoea

(b) Asthma

(c) Lung cancer

(d) Blindness

1.8  The main basis of stage reorganisation in India is :

(a) Language

(b) Physiographic similarities

(c) Similarities in food habits

(d) Similarities in economic activities

1.9  The source of river Ganga is :

(a) Yamunotri Glacier

(b) Zemu Glacier

(c) Siachen Glacier

(d) Gangotri Glacier

1.10 In India the largest multipurpose river valley project:

(a) Bhakra – Nangal

(b) Damodar

(c) Rihand

(d) Hirakund

1.11 The state, which ranks first in the production of rice per hectare is :

(a) West Bengal

(b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Punjab

(d) Andhra Pradesh

1.12 The required raw material of iron and steel industry includes :

(a) Iron ore

(b) Coal

(c) Manganese

(d) All of them

1.13 According to 2011 census, the number of the metropolis in India is :

(a) 55   (b) 53   (c) 51    (d) 49

1.14 The latitudinal and longitudinal extension of million sheet topographical map is :

(a) 15’ × 15’

(b) 30’ × 30’

(c) 1° × 1°

(d) 4° × 4°

Group – B

2.1  If the statement is true write “T’ and if false, write ‘F’ against the following (Answer any six statements) : [1 x 6 = 6]

2.1.1  Altitude of snowline varies with latitudes.

2.1.2  Wind velocity is measured with the help of Anemometer.

2.1.3  Salinity of sea water is maximum in Equatorial region.

2.1.4  The highest plateau of India is Deccan Trap.

2.1.5  The old alluvial soil of Ganga plain is called Bhangar.

2.1.6  Vishakhapattanam is the only tax – free port of India.

2.1.7  Red coloured lines are used to show roads in satellite images.

2.2 Fill in the blanks with suitable words (answer any six) : [1 x 6 = 6]

2.2.1  Hole formed by abrasion on river bed are called ______.

2.2.2  ______ is formed by mixing of dust and fog during winter inindustrial region.

2.2.3  ______ current causes snowfall in New Foundland.

2.2.4  Waste paper is a _______ type of wastes.

2.2.5  Tropical easterly Jet Stream forces _______ wind to blow over India.

2.2.6  The southernmost point of mainland India is _______.

2.2.7  _______ is the most populous city of India.

2.3   Answer in one or two words (answer any six) :-   [1 x 6 = 6]

2.3.1  Which type of rainfall is found in the Temperate zone?

2.3.2  Which the island of Sundarban was completely submerged due to global warming?

2.3.3  Which type of natural vegetation is found in the desert region of India?

2.3.4  On which quarters of the moon, does Neap tide occur ?

2.3.5  In which part of the course, river Ganga is maximum polluted?

2.3.6  Name one Zaid crop of India.

2.3.7  Which state of India leads in “Rain-water Harvesting” ?

2.3.8  Where is the headquarter of ‘Survey of India’ located?

2.4   Match the left column with the right column : [1 x 4 = 4]

Left ColumnRight column

2.4.1 prominence of ozone gas

2.4.2 research institute of sugarcane

2.4.3 largest automobile manufacturing industrial centre

2.4.4 Karewa

1. Gurgaon

2. Jammu and Kashmir

3. Stratosphere

4. Lucknow

Group – C

3. Answer the following in brief (Alternatives should be noted) : [2 x 6 = 12]

3.1  What is denudation?


What is “inversion of temperature”?

3.2  What is Inter-tropical convergence zone?


State the definition of ocean current.

3.3  Define waste management.


What do you mean by radioactive waste?

3.4  Where is Malnad region located?


Name two watershed regions of India.

3.5  What do you mean by millet crops?


Name one agro-based and one forest-based industry of India.

3.6  State the definition of satellite imagery.


State the use of Representative Fraction (R.F.).

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Madhyamik Geography Question Papers