Dr. Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. After his school education, he went on to study B.Sc. Physics. He got his Masters’s Degree in aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960.
In 1960, Dr.Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as the chief scientist. He was the Project Director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) and helped in developing the PSLV with which India became capable of launching its Remote Sensing Satellites. He played a pivotal role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary, Defence Research and Development Organisation from 1992 to 1997.
On 25 July, he was elected as the 11th President of India. He was the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy the Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was popularly known as the people’s President and was voted “India’s Best President”. For his excellence and brilliance, Dr. Kalam was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, and Bharat Ratna in 1997.
Dr. Kalam was very popular among children and believed that they are the future of the country. His popular words to children are: “You have to dream before your dreams can come true.”
Dr. Kalam loved teaching, and he was teaching when he died on 27 July 2015.